Sunday, October 12, 2008

Red Onion

red OnionKingdom: Plantae
Divisi: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Ordo: Asparagales
Family: Alliaceae
Genus: Allium
Spesies: Allium ascalonicum

The Red Onion was the crop a season and had the stratified roots. The crop had the fibre root, with the leaves had the shape of the hollow cylinder. The roots were formed from the united leaves starting point and formed the stick that changed the form and the function, grew and formed the stratified roots. The roots of the Red Onion were formed from layers of the leaves that grew and were united. The roots of the Red Onion not was the true roots like the potato or the taro.

Onions, one of the oldest vegetables known to humankind, are found in a bewildering array of recipes and preparations, spanning almost the totality of the world's cultures; they are nowadays available in fresh, frozen, canned, pickled, powdered, and dehydrated forms. Onions can be used, usually chopped or sliced, in almost every type of food, including cooked foods and fresh salads, and as a spicy garnish; they are rarely eaten on their own but usually act as accompaniment to the main course. Dered Onionpending on the variety, an onion can be sharp, spicy, tangy and pungent or mild and sweet.

Onions pickled in vinegar are eaten as a snack. These are often served as a side serving in fish and chip shops throughout the United Kingdom. Onions are widely-used in India, and are fundamental to Indian cooking. They are commonly used as a base for curries, or made into a paste and eaten as a main course or as a side dish.

red OnionWide-ranging claims have been made for the effectiveness of onions against conditions ranging from the common cold to heart disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, and other diseases. They contain chemical compounds believed to have anti-inflammatory, anticholesterol, anticancer, and antioxidant properties such as quercetin. However, it has not been conclusively demonstrated that increased consumption of onions is directly linked to health benefits. Some studies have shown that increased consumption of onions reduces the risk of head and neck cancers. In India some sects don't eat onion due to its Aphrodisiac properties.

In many parts of the world, onions are used to heal blisters and boils.Onions may be especially beneficial for women,who are at increased risk for osteoporosis as they go through menopause, by destroying osteoclasts so that they do not break down bone.

Sunday, September 7, 2008


Kingdom: Plantae
Divisio: Angiospermae
Class: Monocotyledoneae
Ordo: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae (sin. Palmae)
Genus: Borassus

Siwalan (Borassus flabellifer L.), was known by the name of threw or tal was a kind of palm that grew in South Asia and South-East Asia. This tree especially grew in dry areas. In Indonesia, siwalan especially growing on the east of the Javanese island, Madura, Bali, the West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara.

The tree siwalan very strong and firm high reached 15 – 30 metre. With the diameter of the stick around 60 cm, siwalan had the big leaves, was gathered on the end of the stick formed the editorial that became round. The sheet of the leaves took the form of the round fan has diameter through to 1,5 metre. The stem of the leaves has long 1 metre, with pelepah that was wide and black on the top, the side of the stem with the row of the pointed thorn of two.

Siwalan had the flower article in tongkol 20-30 cm with the stem around 50 cm. him gathered in the stem could reach 20 items with the round form of bullets has diameter 7 – 20 cm. him was black brownish it skin and yellow meat him when old.

It leaves were used as the diligence material and the writing media of the text threw. Handicrafts that were made from the leaves threw including being the fan, the mat, the hat, various baskets, fabric for clothes and sasando, the traditional musical instrument in Timor.

Wood from the stick threw the high-quality exterior good, heavy, hard and coloured blackness. This wood was often used by the person as the building materials or to make equipment and the handicraft

Siwalan was eaten that was the source of the carbohydrate took the form of sucrose, glucose and air. the level of protein and it fat was very low was supervised by 1%, as well as a little fibre.

Siwalan water that often was used as medical treatment water. The community mentioned him with Legen (palm juice water). It water could cure the thrush illness, it method only by drinking him in hot illness time in attacked. Not only that, Legen also could cure heterogenous the organ illness in like stroke, the liver, cancer and diabetes. was enough to drink a glass water of morning legen and in the afternoon all the illnesses fell.

Saturday, August 30, 2008


Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Oxalidales
Family: Oxalidaceae
Genus: Averrhoa
Species: Averrhoa carambola
Other name: Carambola (Hawaii), Bilimbi (Srilanka, India), Belimbing (Indonesia, Malaysia)

The star fruit, or carambola, is native to Sri Lanka and popular throughout southeast Asia, India, southern China, New Zealand, and Australia. The tree is well adapted to a variety of tropical and subtropical climates and is now cultivated in Mexico, the Caribbean, Central and South America and to a lesser extent, Israel. The main restricting factor in California is frost, the tree being about as cold hardy as limes. The golden-yellow fruit is 3 to 8 inches long and 2 to 4 inches in width with an star shaped cross section. The thin skin, appears waxy but is edible. The sweet to acid flesh is juicy, crisp and mild flavored and usually eaten fresh.

Nutrition/100 gr Fruits Contain
Energy 35,00 Kal.
Protein 0,50 gr
Fat 0,70 gr
carbohydrate 7,70 gr
calcium 8,00 mg
Fosfor 22,00 mg
Fiber 0,90 gr
Iron 0,80 mg
Vitamin A 18,00 RE
Vitamin B1 0,03 mg
Vitamin B2 0,02 mg
Vitamin C 33,00 mg
Niacin 0,40 gr

Nearby as the source of human body nutrition, the star fruit was also used for the prevention even therapy of various illness sorts, including being useful in:
  1. reduced the pressure of Blood
  2. Anti cancer
  3. Expedite digestion
  4. unloaded cholesterol, dan
  5. cleaned the intestines

Thursday, August 21, 2008


Kingdom: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Laurales
Family: Lauraceae
Genus: Persea
Spesies: Persea americana

The avocado is a fast-growing subtropical tree that can reach 80ft in ideal conditions. Trees are usually quite dense in foliage and often have a spreading growth form. Depending on the climate, avocado's may produce numerous flushes of new growth each year. The crushed leaves of Mexican varieties have an anise-like smell. Flowering occurs during winter, prior to vegetative growth flush. The flowers are formed in large clusters of up to 300 each. From each cluster only 2-3 fruits will develop.

Avocado seeds dating to 7000 BC have been found at a Mexican archaeological site, . Seed sizes are similar to wild varieties indicating that fruit were being harvested in the wild rather than from trees grown under selective cultivation. It is only in archaeological deposits dated to about 500 BC that the abundance and size of Avocado seeds increases, indicating cultivation of plants from seeds selected on the basis of fruit size. However, at another archaeological site in Mexico, small, wild-sized seeds have been found in deposits dating to as late as 700 AD, indicating that the practice of Avocado cultivation took time to spread to all communities.

The Avocado fruit is an important food in South America and is nutritious with high levels of mainly unsaturated oils, minerals, vitamins and reasonable levels of protein. The oil is evidently similar in composition to olive oil. The name 'Avocado' originates from the Aztec name ahuacacuauhitl meaning testicle tree! The Spanish shortened it to aguacate and the English then turned it into Avocado.The Avocado was evidently viewed by Indians and Spanish colonisers alike as having aphrodisiac properties which made it popular among many.

Various benefits could be received from avocado, both and his leaves. The researchers from Shizuoka University, Japan. For example, found the benefit avocado in reducing heart damage, including also damage resulting from the hepatitis virus. Along with several of his benefits:
  1. Overcame the kidney stone: drank extract water of seven sheets of the leaves avocado with ½ hot water glasses each morning and in the afternoon.
  2. To be sick the back: boiled 5 sheets of the leaves avocado and 500 cc warm water remained at 250 cc. stay for a night and drank the next day. Did a week was endless.
  3. For the thrush: stirred one avocado ripe with two sweet spoons and ate three times a day.
  4. Refined skin: Refine avocado and after that spread equitable for 30 minutes in the face and the hands that have been cleaned with warm water.

Saturday, August 16, 2008


Divisi: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Genus: Artocarpus
Spesies:Artocarpus heterophyllus
Other name:Nangka(Indonesia), khanun amoud (Thailand), vela (Srilangka) , koozha chakka (India) , varaka (Srilanka)

The jackfruit tree had high 10-15 m. his stick was erect, wooden, round, rough and coloured green dirty. The Jackfruit leaves single, alternated, oval, had leaves bones, thick leaves meat, the level bank, the pointed tip, long 5-15 cm, wide 4-5 cm, the long stem approximately 2 cm and was green. The jackfruit flower was the compound interest that have the shape of seeds, was on the leaves armpit and was yellow.

  • Meat the young jackfruit anxious made use of the as vegetables food.
  • Flour the jackfruit seed anxious used the as the raw material of the food industry (the material ate the mixture).
  • The leaves young could be made use of the as livestock food.
  • Wood the jackfruit anxious it anxious considered more the superior than the finger for the production of furniture, the construction of the building furniture, the mast, for the horse pole and the cattle the pen , oars, equipment, and the musical instrument.
  • The tree the jackfruit could be made use of the as traditional medicine.

Sunday, August 3, 2008


Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Kelas: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Sapindales
Familia: Sapindaceae
Genus: Dimocarpus
Spesies: Dimocarpus longan
Other name:Lengkeng, ong ya guo, cat eye

Kelengkeng tree could reach high 40 m. and the diameter of his stick through to around 1 m.. Round, yellowish chocolate, almost barren; slippery, depended on his kind. Meat (arilus) thin was white and rather clear. The seed wrapper was brown blackness. Occasionally smelly rather hard.
This Fruits especially being eaten in the fresh situation. Kelengkeng, especially that was plump thick and big, was tinned in his juice in Thailand, Taiwan and Tiongkok, both was increased sugar and not. Kelengkeng also Dryed, to be made the manufacturer's material of the drink of freshener.
Part of the crop Kelengkeng that function not only fruit. The root and the leaves Kelengkeng can be herbal medicine that felt bitter, in fact the hard seed then kept the usefulness of medicine. The root Kelengkeng function as the urine laxative and launched the circulation of blood. The leaves function as fever medicine. As for his seed was useful to eliminate the feeling of being sick and stopping the bleeding. The seed Kelengkeng this also was made use of as the manufacturer's material of shampoo, because of containing the compound saponin that could produce the foam in a large number.

Thursday, July 31, 2008


Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt,)
Familia :
The composition:
Arilus: volatile Oil, fat oil, the tannin substance, and amylum. The seed: volatile Oil, fat oil, saponin, miristisin, elemisi, the enzyme lipase, pectin, hars, and the tannin substance.

Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) was plants took the form of the tree that came from the Banda island, the Moluccas. Resulting from he thought that was high as spices, and the nutmeg became the trade commodity that was important since the Roman period.

These plants dioecious so as to be known the male tree and the female tree. His leaves had the shape of the slim ellipse. Him have the shape of oval like lemons, was yellow, plump and typical taste because of containing volatile oil to meat him. When cooked, skin and meat was opened and the seed will be seen was wrapped coloured mace red. One produced one coloured seed chocolate.

The nutmeg contained volatile oil 7-14%. The nutmeg powder was used as spice for bread or the cake, the pudding, sauce, vegetables, and the drink of freshener (like eggnog). His oil was also used as the perfume mixture or soap.

Good for the sufferer dysentery, Stop vomited, Nausea, the bloated Stomach, Rheumatism (outside-soap medicine nutmeg), the hoarse Voice (outside medicine).